= Pacman-G2 == Basics Frugalware comes with Pacman-G2 package manager. Pacman-G2 is a fork of the not-yet-released cvs version of the complete rewrite of pacman-g1 by Aurelien Foret (the old monolithic pacman-g1 is written by Judd Vinet). See the http://ftp.frugalware.org/pub/other/pacman-g2/pacman-g2/README[README] for details. If you want to do anything with packages, you'll always have to use the `pacman-g2` command. Here are some basic actions with `pacman-g2`: Actions usually used with remote installation from an FTP server: ---- # pacman-g2 -Sy ---- Updates the package database. Before searching for packages or installing them from an FTP server, you will have to use this command. ---- # pacman-g2 -Su ---- Upgrades all packages that are currently installed but a newer version of the package is available on the FTP server. ---- # pacman-g2 -Syu ---- The combination of the above two, that is the command most users use daily. ---- $ pacman-g2 -Sup ---- Prints the URL of all packages that pacman-g2 should download. This way you can download the packages anywhere and then just copy them to /var/cache/pacman/pkg. This is very useful if you have limited bandwidth at your computer, but you can access high bandwidth elsewhere. ---- # pacman-g2 -S sendmail ---- Installs sendmail with all of its dependencies from the FTP server. If it conflicts with any package, you will be asked if pacman-g2 is allowed to remove them. ---- $ pacman-g2 -Ss perl ---- Searches in the package database (on the FTP server). This example will probably display the perl package and all perl modules. Regular expression based search is also supported. Of course, you can treat packages as normal files, and you can manually add/remove/etc them. Here are some examples: ---- # pacman-g2 -U zsh-4.2.1-1.fpm ---- Adds (or if it's already installed, upgrades) the zsh package, which is located in the current directory. ---- # pacman-g2 -R qt ---- Removes the qt package. ---- $ pacman-g2 -Qs perl ---- Shows every installed packages whose name contains the string perl. Generally, if you want to turn off checking for conflicting files, you should use the -f parameter, and if you want to turn off all dependency checking, you should use the -d switch. ---- $ pacman-g2 -h ---- This displays all the switches we discussed above, and a lot more. Once again, these are only the basics. You can also use pacman-g2 -Sh or similar to get help on a particular task. NOTE: Full documentation for pacman-g2 can be reached by issuing `man pacman-g2`. == Apt - pacman-g2 cross reference For those who are familiar with the apt package management tool, here is a quick cross-reference. [options="header",grid="all"] |==== | Action | Apt command | Pacman-G2 command | Refresh the package database: | apt-get update | pacman-g2 -Sy | Upgrade currently installed packages: | apt-get upgrade | pacman-g2 -Su | Install a new package: | apt-get install foo | pacman-g2 -S foo | Remove a package: | apt-get remove foo | pacman-g2 -Rc foo | Search in the full package database: | apt-cache search foo | pacman-g2 -Ss foo | Install a package from a file: | dpkg -i foo.deb | pacman-g2 -A foo.fpm | Clean the package cache: | apt-get clean | pacman-g2 -Sc |====